Journal. A&A Volume 561, January 2014
Abstract. Context. High-resolution spectroscopy is a powerful tool to study the dynamical structure of a pulsating star’s atmosphere.
Aims. We aim at comparing the line asymmetry and velocity of the two δ Sct stars ρ Pup and DX Cet with previous spectroscopic data obtained on classical Cepheids and β Cep stars.
Methods. We obtained, analysed and discuss HARPS high-resolution spectra of ρ Pup and DX Cet. We derived the same physical quantities as used in previous studies, which are the first-moment radial velocities and the bi-Gaussian spectral line asymmetries.
Results. The identification of f = 7.098 d-1 as a fundamental radial mode and the very accurate Hipparcos parallax promote ρ Pup as the best standard candle to test the period–luminosity relations of δ Sct stars. The action of small-amplitude nonradial modes can be seen as well-defined cycle-to-cycle variations in the radial velocity measurements of ρ Pup. Using the spectral-line asymmetry method, we also found the centre-of-mass velocities of ρ Pup and DX Cet, Vγ = 47.49 ± 0.07 km s-1 and Vγ = 25.75 ± 0.06 km s-1, respectively. By comparing our results with previous HARPS observations of classical Cepheids and β Cep stars, we confirm the linear relation between the atmospheric velocity gradient and the amplitude of the radial velocity curve, but only for amplitudes larger than 22.5 km s-1. For lower values of the velocity amplitude (i.e.,